Welcome to our Glossary of Terms.   Here you will find descriptions of terms used throughout our web site and terms common in the industry.

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graduated payment mortgage
A type of mortgage where the monthly payments start low but increase by a fixed percentage at the end of each year for a specified number of years. At the end of this series of payments, the graduation period, the loan payments are in an amount large enough to to retire the loan at maturity. This means that the payments at the beginning are not sufficient to make the full principal payments and the outstanding balance actually increases.

graduation period
The number of periods (usually years) in a graduated payment loan that the payment will increase (by the graduation rate) until the loan ois recast.

Graduation Period (Years) (htm)
Enter the number of periods that the payment will increase by the
graduation rate before the loan is recast.


graduation rate
The rate per year that the interest rate on a graduated payment loan will increase.

Graduation Rate (htm)
Enter
the amount by which the payments will be increased for the year. For example,
entering 20 will mean that the payments will increase by 20% for each year
during the graduation period.


grantee
The party to whom title to real property is deeded.

grantee
The person to whom an interest in real property is conveyed.

grantor
The person conveying (or deeding) title to real property to another.

gross income
Total income before any expenses are deducted.

gross monthly income
The total amount the borrower earns per month, not counting any taxes or expenses. Often used in calculations to determine whether a borrower qualifies for a particular loan. growing-equity mortgage (GEM)A fixed-rate mortgage that provides for payments which increase by a specified percent at the end of each year for a specified number of years. The increasing monthly payment amounts reduce the balance of the mortgage resulting in its being repaid sooner.

Growth
Check this box to select the deposit/withdrawal growth rate (linear or exponential).

Growth (Deposits) (htm)
Check
this box to select the deposit growth rate (linear or exponential).


Growth (Withdrawals) (htm)
Check
this box to select the withdrawal growth rate (linear or exponential).


Growth Rate (htm)
The
growth rate for accounts where the deposits or withdrawals will graduate at a
constant rate.


guaranteed mortgage
A mortgage, the payment of which, is guaranteed by a third party.

guaranty
Amount of money VA will reimburse a lender upon default of a VA mortgage. Also referred to as the amount of entitlement or eligibility.

hazard insurance
Insurance against physical damage to property from fire, wind, vandalism, and other hazards.

Hazard Insurance
This is the annual premium for insurance against losses from risks such as fire, wind, hail, flood etc. If you will have homeowners insurance you will want to include that portion of the premium allocable to the real estate. (Exclude that part covering vehicles etc.)

Header Text (htm)
Enter
the desired header text (up to three lines) for the amortization schedule.


HECM 2013 File dated 9/30/2013
Note: Multiple runs of the calculator may be required based on the results and choices made by the borrower.

HECM File dated 9/30/2013 - 8/3/2014
Note: Multiple runs of the calculator may be required based on the results and choices made by the borrower.

HECM File post 8/4/2014
Note: Multiple runs of the calculator may be required based on the results and choices made by the borrower.

HECM Rates
Select 'Yes' to use Pre- October 1, 2009 rates.

Select 'No' to choose the latest rates.

HECM/FNMA Flag
This flag tells the engine whether it is calculating a HECM or a FNMA HomeKeeper program.

Help (icon) (htm)
Click
to display the ZMath® Help file.


Help (QS) (htm)
Click
to display online Help for the Quick Solver.


Help Button (htm)
Click
to display the online Help topic for the Fees and Charges Worksheet tabs.


holdback
That portion of a loan commitment not funded until some additional requirement such as rental or completion is attained. (2) In construction or interim lending, a percentage of the contractor's draw which is held back.

home equity conversion mortgage (HECM) or reverse annuity loan
A type of mortgage that enables home owners to convert their equity in their homes into cash, usually in the form of monthly payments. The value of the property is the prime consideration for the lender since the borrower may have reduced income due to retirement etc. The loan is typically repaid after borrower no longer occupies the property or the equity is depleted.

Home Value
The value of the home at closing.

homekeeperSM
Fannie Mae's adjustable-rate conventional reverse mortgage, which allows older homeowners to borrow against the value of their homes and receive the proceeds according to the payment option they select. The amount available is based on the number of borrowers and their ages and the adjusted property value. Anyone 62 years or older who either owns his or her own home free and clear or has very low mortgage debt is eligible.

homeowner's insurance
An insurance policy that combines personal liability insurance and hazard insurance coverage for a dwelling and its contents.

housing expense
Principal, interest, real estate taxes and hazard insurance (PITI) and mortgage insurance premiums and/or homeowners association/condo fee, when applicable.

housing ratio
Housing expense/effective gross income. Also called Payment-to-Income Ratio or Front-End Ratio.

HUD
The U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, established by the Housing andUrban Development Act of 1965 to supersede the Housing and Home Finance Agency. It is responsible for the implementation and administration of government housing and urban development programs. Housing Ratio

HUD median income
Median family income for a particular county or metropolitan statistical area (MSA), as estimated by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

ID Number
Enter the loan identification number. This number will appear on the 1/6 Aggregate Escrow Deposit Statement.

ID Number (htm)
Optional
field that can be used to assign a identifying number to this loan information
for future reference. When saving loan information, you must enter either a
customer name, ID Number, or both.


If declining balance, then average balance (htm)
Select if the declining balance for PMI renewal
calculations should be based on the average balance for the year.


If declining balance, then beginning balance (htm)
Select if the declining balance for PMI renewal
calculations should be based on the beginning balance for the year.


If declining balance, then ending balance (htm)
Select if the declining balance should be based on the
ending balance for the year.


impound
That portion of a mortgagor's monthly payments held by the lender or servicer to pay for taxes, hazard insurance, mortgage insurance, lease payments, and other items as they become due. Known as escrows or reserves in some states.

income property
Real estate developed or improved to produce income.

index
A published interest rate not controlled by the lender to which the interest rate on an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) or GPARM loan is tied. Some commonly used indices include 1YTB One Year Treasury Bill Yield, 3YTB Three Year Treasury Note Yield, 5YTB FiveYear Treasury Note Yield, 10YTB Ten Year Treasury Bond Yield, 30YTB Thirty Year TreasuryBond Yield, 6mTB Six Month Treasury Bill Yield, 6mCD Six Month CD Rate, 6mLIB Six MonthLIBOR, 1LIB One Year LIBOR, Prime Interest Rate. A margin is added to the index to determine the fully indexed rate, or ithat will be charged on the ARM or GPARM for the period.

Index Rate
The value of the interest rate index at the time of origination.

Initial Draw
The amount ($ or %) of any initial draw requested by the borrower. If the number is 1.0 or less, it is treated as a percentage. If there is no initial draw, this variable should equal
0.

initial interest rate
The original interest rate of the mortgage at the time of closing. This rate changes for an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM). Sometimes known as "start rate" or "teaser. "

Initial Payment Amount
Initial Payment Amount

Initial Payment Periods
The number of periods before the first payment change.

Initial Rate
Initial Rate

Initial rate periods
some stuff

installment
The regular periodic payment that a borrower agrees to make to a lender.

installment debt
Borrowed money that is repaid in several successive payments(installments).

Insurance No (htm)
Select
if there will be no mortgage insurance or credit life/A&H insurance written
on this loan.


Insurance Rate 1, 2 (htm)
Enter
the appropriate renewal rates for mortgage insurance payments when there is an
up-front premium.


Insurance Yes (htm)
Select
if either mortgage insurance or credit life/A&H insurance will be written
on this loan.


insured mortgage
A mortgage that is protected by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) or by private mortgage insurance (MI). If the borrower defaults on the loan, the insurer must pay the lender the lesser of the loss incurred or the insured amount.

Interest (G) (htm)
Select
to display the interest portion of the payment in the Excel spreadsheet.


Interest Accrue (htm)
Select
to accumulate and amortize the interest over the term of the loan. No interest
payments will be made during the loan.

Interest Only Interest rate
Enter the interest rate which will be charged during the period when only interest payments will be made on this loan. Only the interest is paid during this period.

interest only loan
n/a

Interest Only Loan (htm)
Select
to calculate a loan where only the interest is repaid during term. The entire
principal balance is due in one payment at maturity.


Interest Only Period / Repayment Loan (ARM)
Enter the terms for an interest only period / adjustable rate loan and click Calculate. You must enter the interest rate, periods per year, term, loan amount, prepaids, advance date, and date of first payment along with the ARM terms or error messages display.

Click the Options and Variations button on the toolbar to
enter any variations.

The fields on the screen change as you click different
options. For example, if you click Multi-Streams, the Level Payment Installment
Loan (multiple screens) fields display at the bottom of the screen. Also, if
you select any options and variations, these fields display for data entry.

Interest Only Period / Repayment Loan (Level)
Enter the terms for an interest only / level payment loan (one that has equal
payments for the life of the loan) and click Calculate. You must enter the
interest rate, periods per year, term, loan amount, prepaids, advance date, and
date of first payment or error messages display.

Click the Options and Variations button on the toolbar to
enter any variations.

The fields on the screen change as you click different
options. For example, if you click Multi-Streams, the Level Payment Installment
Loan (multiple screens) fields display at the bottom of the screen. Also, if
you select any options and variations, these fields display for data entry.

Interest Only Periods per Year
Enter the number of periods per year during the interest only repayment period. Interest only is paid during this period with the repayment occuring after the interest only period.

Interest Only Term
Enter the total number of interest only payments during the interest only payment period.

Interest Periods Deferred
The number of interest periods deferred for a deferred payment annuity.

Interest Periods per year (htm)
per year.


Interest Periods Deferred (htm)
The number of interest periods deferred for a deferred payment
annuity.


Interest portion of pmt (F) (htm)
Select to insert a column to display the interest portion of the
payment.


Interest Rate
The interest rate you expect to be charged by your lending institution.

Interest Rate
Enter the interest rate in full percent. For example, 8.375 or 5.5. The program will convert it to decimal form.

Interest Rate (CON) (htm)
Enter the interest rate for the construction loan.

Interest Rate (CS) (htm)
Include a column showing the interest rate for the period.

Interest Rate (htm)
Enter
the interest rate in full percent. For example, 8. 375 or 5. 5. The program will
convert it to decimal form.


Interest Rate (M) (htm)
Enter the interest rate for this payment stream

Interest Rate (QS) (htm)
This
is a required field in Quick Solver. Enter the rate in full percent (for
example, 8. 375).


interest rate buydown plan
An arrangement wherein the property seller (or any other party) deposits money to an account so that it can be released each month to reduce the mortgagor's monthly payments during the early years of a mortgage. During the specified period, the mortgagor's effective interest rate is "bought down" below the actual interest rate.

interest rate cap
A limit on interest rate increases and/or decreases during each interest rate adjustment(adjustment period cap) or over the term (life cap) of the mortgage.

interest rate ceiling
For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the maximum interest rate, as specified in the mortgage note.

interest rate floor
For an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the minimum interest rate, as specified in the mortgage note.

Interest Rate for Draw Period (htm)
Enter the interest rate for this draw period.


Interest term (htm)
Enter
the total number of interest payments for this payment stream.


Interest term when principal and interest are being amortized differently.
This is the Term of the interest portion of a loan where the principal and interest are being amortized differently. The left panel entry box applies to the principal and this entry box applies to the interest payments.

Interest type (htm)
Displays the appropriate interest types for the selected loan. Simple is the most common interest type. Discount is available with Single Payment Loans only. Add-on is available with Level Payment Loans only.

Interest Bill (htm)
Select to have the borrower pay the interest amounts as they come due.


Interest-only Loan Screen (htm)
Enter the terms for the interest-only loan (where principal is due
at maturity). You must enter the interest rate, number of interest periods per
year, term, loan amount, prepaids, advance date, and date of first payment or
error messages display.

Click the Options and Variations button on the toolbar to
enter any variations.


Investigation fees (htm)
Enter
the amount you charge for investigating the borrower. You don't need to include
the premium in the finance charge if it is optional, or if the creditor is
allowed to purchase it from an insurer of their choice.


investment property
A property that is not occupied by the owner.

Investment Rate
The percentage of your income you save/invest.

IRA (individual retirement account)
A retirement account that allows individuals to make tax-deferred contributions to a personal retirement fund. Individuals can place IRA funds in bank accounts or in other forms of investment such as stocks, bonds, or mutual funds.

irregular first period
J

joint tenancy
A form of co-ownership where each party has equal ownership in the property, including the right of survivorship.

judgment lien
A lien on the property of a debtor resulting from the decree of a court.

judicial foreclosure
A type of foreclosure proceeding used in some states that is handled as a civil lawsuit and conducted entirely under the auspices of a court. A type of foreclosure proceeding used in some states that is handled as a civil lawsuit and conducted entirely under the auspices of a court. Other states use non-judicial foreclosure

jumbo loan
A loan that exceeds Fannie Mae's legislated mortgage amount limits. Also called a nonconforming loan. A loan that exceeds Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's loan limits, currently at $227,150. Also called a nonconforming loan. Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae loans are referred to as conforming loans. Jumbo LoanA loan above the limits are set by the Federal National Mortgage Association and the FederalHome Loan Mortgage Corporation. They are also referred to as nonconforming loans.

Landscape (htm)
Select
to set the print orientation as landscape, typically interpreted as
"wide. "


Last Page (htm)
Click
to display the last page of the results.


late charge
The penalty a borrower must pay when a payment is made a stated number of days after its due date.

leap year
Calculate leap years under a Gregorian calendar as follows: If a year is evenly divisible by 4,it is a leap year unless it is also evenly divisible by 100. If a year is evenly divisible by 100,it is not a leap year unless it is also evenly divisible by 400.

lease option
An alternative financing option that allows home buyers to lease a home with an option to buy. Each month's rent payment may consist of not only the rent, but an additional amount which can be applied toward the down payment on an already specified price


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