Welcome to our Glossary of Terms.   Here you will find descriptions of terms used throughout our web site and terms common in the industry.

To help you locate a term, enter the first character or two of a term and press the 'Refresh' button. Or, just click on the handy alphabetical index to jump to that section of the glossary.

First Item to Display:       
Or, Click on a letter below
A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  J  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z  | 


Balance (H) (htm)
Select
to display the outstanding balance in the Excel spreadsheet.


Balance Type
The amount of yearly maint you expect to pay.

balloon amount
The principal remaining at the end of the term is called a balloon payment. It is always larger than the regular payments.

Balloon Amount (htm)
Enter
the amount of the final installment, or, in a loan using multiple streams, the
amount of a one-time payment against principal.


Balloon Amount (QS) (htm)
Enter
the amount of the balloon you want to leave. When you click the Solve button,
the item you left blank (Term, Amount or Payment) will be calculated for you.


balloon amount [Entries]
Enter the amount of the final installment, or, in a loan using multiple streams, the amount of a one-time payment against principal.

balloon entries
The balloon terms entry frame will popup immediately below your base terms frame. If you have entered the term (number of periods of the entire loan) in the base terms screen you may enter the balloon term (number of periods before the balloon occurs) or the amount of the balloon.

balloon equity loans
A balloon home equity loan usually has a fixed interest rate (one that doesn't change overthe term of the loan). The loan term is shorter than would be required to repay the loan in full at maturity meaning that a balance must be paid in one lump sum payment, (the balloon payment). For example, to completely repay a loan monthly payments might be required over 30 years, but the loan might have a balloon maturity of 5 years, at which tie the entire balance will be due.

Balloon Flag
Purpose — Allows the user to designate whether the amount entered as the balloon is the final payment (subject to rounding) or whether the balloon entered would be the final balance after making the regular payment (i.e. the final payment is the amount entered for the balloon plus the regular payment amount). If the flag same_final_pmt is set to 1 or 2 and balloon_flag = 1, no rounding occurs on the balloon.

balloon loan
Any loan calling for periodic payments which will not be sufficient to repay the principal at term (maturity). The loan behaves like a fixed-rate mortgage for a set number of years(usually five or seven) and then must be paid off in full in a single "balloon" payment.

Balloon No (htm)
Select
if this loan will be fully amortized (no payment at maturity).


balloon payment
The outstanding balance at term of a balloon loan.

balloon term
The term, or final payment when the entire un-amortized amount of a loan (the balloon payment) is due and payable. For example a monthly payment loan calling for a balloon at the end of 5 years would have a balloon term of 60.

Balloon Term (htm)
Enter
the number of periods before the balloon payment is due.


Balloon Yes (htm)
Select
if this loan will have principal remaining at maturity.


Balloon/Hide button (htm)
Click
the Balloon button to add a balloon field, or click the Hide button to remove
it, if displayed.


base Loan amount
The mortgage amount before any financed mortgage insurance or VA funding fee is added. basisSelect the desired basis, which is the lending term for the method of handling the number ofdays in months and years when calculating interest. The number before the separator is the number of days in a month and the number after is the number of days in a year. 30/360 actual/365 actual/360 actual/actual 30/actual

Basis
Select the
desired basis, which is the lending term for the method of handling the number
of days in months and years when calculating interest. The number before the
separator is the number of days in a month and the number after is the number
of days in a year.


Basis
The basis. This is the interest accrual basis for the loan. Use the following codes. 1 = 30/360, 2 = Actual/365, 3 = Actual/360, 4 = Actual/Actual, 5 = 30/365, 6 = 30/Actual. Required.

Basis (htm)
Select the
desired basis, which is the lending term for the method of handling the number
of days in months and years when calculating interest. The number before the
separator is the number of days in a month and the number after is the number
of days in a year.


basis point -
1/100th of 1%. For example, 7½ basis points equals . 00075%.

Beginning Date (2) (htm)
Enter
the date of the first payment in this stream.


Beginning Date (htm)
Enter the date when the first payment was due for this payment stream.

Bill Interest
The interest for each period will be paid rather than accrued (accumulated).

biweekly payment mortgage (accelerated loan)
An accelerated mortgage that requires payments to reduce the debt every two weeks(instead of the standard monthly payment schedule). The 26 (or possibly 27) biweekly payments are each equal to one-half of the monthly payment that would be required if the loan were a standard fixed-rate mortgage, and they are often drafted from the borrower's bank account.

blanket mortgage
The mortgage that is secured by a cooperative project, as opposed to the share loans on individual units within the project.

Book of Examples (htm)
Click
to see a list of examples of loans of this type.


Book of Examples Screen (htm)
Highlight an existing loan sample to load the information into a
loan screen and click Select. If you want to add a current loan application to
your Book of Examples, fill in the information on the appropriate loan screen,
click the Book of Examples icon, and then click Capture. If you want to modify
an existing sample, load the sample, make your modifications, and click Update.


Borrower's Portion - $ (htm)
Enter the dollar amount that the borrower must provide to fund the buydown.


Borrower's Portion - % (htm)
Enter the percentage of the total buydown amount that the borrower must
provide.


Bottom Margin (htm)
Enter
the bottom margin in tenths of an inch, or accept the default.


breach
A violation of any legal obligation.

bridge or swing loan
Securing a loan with the borrowers' equity in their property (which is usually for sale) which allows them to close on a new house while their present home awaits sale.

broker
A person who, for a commission or a fee, brings parties together and assists in negotiating contracts between them. See mortgage broker.

Buydown (J) (htm)
Select
to display the buydown amount in the Excel spreadsheet.


buydown account
An account in which funds are held so that they can be applied as part of the monthly mortgage payment as each payment comes due during the period that an interest rate buydown plan is in effect.

Buydown amount (J) (htm)
Insert
a column in the amortization schedule to display the buydown amount.


buydown mortgage or loan
A financing technique used to reduce the monthly payments for the first few years of a loan(temporary buydown), or for the entire life of a loan (permanent buydown. Funds in the form of discount points are given to the lender by the builder or seller to buy down or lower the effective interest rate paid by the buyer, thus reducing the monthly payments for a set time.

Buydown No (htm)
There
will be no buydown associated with this loan.


buydown periods
The number of payment periods which will have the interest rate reduced (bought down)due to the buydown arrangement

buydown points
The number of percentage points by which the rate will be reduced.

Buydown Points (htm)
Enter
the number of points by which the interest rate will be "bought down"
for this period. For example, if the nominal rate were 8% and you want to buy
it down to 6%, you would enter 2 here as full percent since the program will
convert it to . 02 for you.


Buydown points (I) (htm)
Select
to display the number of buydown points in the amortization schedule.


Buydown Terms - # of Periods (htm)
Enter the number of periods to discount the rate.


Buydown Yes (htm)
Select
to enter temporary (typically one to three years) or permanent (for the full
term) buydown. Buyer's Points $

buyers points $
The dollar amount required to be deposited to provide to fund the payment reduction.

buyers points %
The percentage (of the total loan amount) charged to the borrower to discount the loan.

Buyer's Points % (htm)
Enter
the percentage (of the total loan amount) charged to the borrower to discount
the loan.


Calculate (QAPR) (htm)
Compare
correct APR with disclosed APR.


Calculate Button (htm)
Click
to analyze all transaction data, apply the calendar math, calculate the
Regulation Z disclosures, prepare amortization schedules, and produce the
results.


Calculate Future Value
Indicates whether the future value is being calculated.

Calculate Future Value (htm)
Indicates whether the future value is being calculated.


Calculation Method - Gross Coverage (htm)
Select to calculate credit life insurance on the total of
the payments.


Calculation Method - Net Coverage (htm)
Select to calculate credit life insurance on the amount of the
loan.


Calendar (htm)
Click to
display the calendar.


Calendar Grid (htm)
Select
a day on the selected monthly calendar to enter the corresponding date in the
date field.


call option
A provision in the mortgage that gives the mortgagee the right to call the mortgage due and payable at the end of a specified period for whatever reason.

Cancel Button (htm)
Cancels
entries without saving any changes.


cap
A provision of an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) that limits the amount of adjustment in the interest rate, payment amount or both on an ARM mortgage. Caps may be applied toeach adjustment period and/or over the life of the loan. Example, a 2/6 would denote a 2%cap on the rate per adjustment period and 6% over the term of the mortgage. See: lifetimepayment cap, periodic payment cap, and periodic rate cap.

capital expenditure
The cost of an improvement made to extend the useful life of a property or to add to its value.

capital improvement
Any structure or component erected as a permanent improvement to real property that adds to its value and useful life.

cap-lifetime Rate
Enter the maximum percentage that the initial interest rate can increase for the life of the loan.

cap-payment in $
Enter the maximum dollar amount to which the payment can increase for the life of the loan.

cap-payment in %
Enter the maximum percentage to which the payment can increase for the life of the loan.

caps
A set percentage amount by which an adjustable rate mortgage may adjust eachadjustment period. For adjustable loans, caps are usually quoted as two numbers as in 2/6. The first number indicates how much a loan may adjust at each adjustment period while thesecond number indicates how much a loan may adjust over its lifetime. Loans like the 3/1 and 5/1 adjustable which have an initial fixed period are quoted with 3 numbers as in 3/2/6 which would mean that the first adjustment may be as much as 3%,subsequent adjustments are capped at 2% each, and the lifetime cap is 6%. Two-Step loans are quoted with a single cap, which is the amount by which the loan mayadjust at its single adjustment date.

Capture (htm)
Click to
save the current loan application as an example for future use.


cash-out refinance
A refinance transaction in which the amount of money received from the new loan exceedsthe total of the money needed to repay the existing first mortgage, closing costs, points,and the amount required to satisfy any outstanding subordinate mortgage liens. In otherwords, a refinance transaction in which the borrower receives additional cash that can be used for any purpose.

ceiling
The maximum rate to which an ARM loan could grow. As opposed to a Cap which is the maximum number of points of interest which the rate can increase.

Center on page (htm)
Select
to center the amortization schedule on the page.


certificate of deposit index
An index that is used to determine interest rate changes for certain ARM plans. Itrepresents the weekly average of secondary market interest rates on six-month negotiablecertificates of deposit. See adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM).

certificate of eligibility (COE)
VA Form 26-8320, the form issued to a named veteran as evidence of eligibility for a VA home loan.

certificate of reasonable value (CRV)
A document issued by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) that establishes the maximum value and loan amount for a VA mortgage.

change frequency - payment
The frequency (in months) of payment and/or interest rate changes in an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM).

chattel
Another name for personal property.

Clear Button (htm)
Click
to remove your entries.


closing
The conclusion of the transaction. Includes but not limited to the delivery of the deed,signing of mortgage documents, settling the closing costs and the disbursement of funds to the seller and other interested parties. Also called settlement.

closing cost item
A fee or amount that a home buyer must pay at closing for a single service, tax, or product. Closing costs are made up of individual closing cost items such as origination fees andattorney's fees. Many closing cost items are included as numbered items on the HUD-1statement.

closing costs
Expenses (over and above the price of the property) incurred by buyers and sellers intransferring ownership of a property. These typically include a loan origination fee, discountpoints, appraisal fee, title search, title insurance, survey, taxes, deed recording fee, andcredit report charges. credit report, attorney, processing, underwriting, taxes, title insurance and survey. Closing CostsFees paid by the borrower when property is purchased or refinanced. Co-borrower

Closing Cost's Factor
Closing cost's factor. Typically, you can figure 3%. Enter the amount as a whole number, i.e. 3

Closing Date
The closing date.

Co-Borrower Birthdate
The co-borrower’s birthdate.

co-borrowers
Two or more borrowers obtaining the same mortgage. If a co-borrower is not living in the house he/she would be known as a non-occupying co-borrower.

collateral
An asset (such as a car or a home) that guarantees the repayment of a loan. The borrower risks losing the asset if the loan is not repaid according to the terms of the loan contract.

collection
The efforts used to bring a delinquent mortgage current and to file the necessary notices to proceed with foreclosure when necessary.

co-maker
A person who signs a promissory note along with the borrower. A co-maker's signature guarantees that the loan will be repaid, because the borrower and the co-maker are equally responsible for the repayment. See endorser.

combined loan-to-value ratio (CLTV)
The principal balance of all mortgages on the property (including second and third liens)divided by the value of the property.

commitment letter
A formal offer by a lender stating the terms under which it agrees to lend money to a homebuyer. Also known as a "loan commitment. "

community property
In some states, a form of ownership under which property acquired during a marriage is presumed to be owned jointly unless acquired separately by either spouse.

co-mortgagor
The person's name appearing on the application with the mortgagor. The co-mortgagor'sincome, assets, and debts are added together with the mortgagor's for underwriting andratio analysis. The co-mortgagor's must appear on the FHA 'Certificate of Commitment', theNote, and the Mortgage Deed of Trust. For full guarantee under the VA's program, the co-mortgagor must be either a spouse or another eligible veteran.

component
A small binary object or program that performs a specific function and is designed in such away to easily operate with other components and applications.

compound interest
Interest paid on the original principal balance and on the accrued and unpaid interest.

compounding
The payment of interest on interest. Compounding is the process of accumulating intereston the amount borrowed when the interest is paid(credited) more frequently then annually. If a loan is due in one year and compounding is annual, compounding will not occur. However, if a loan is due in one year and the compounding is monthly, then at the end of the first month the interest for one month will be added to the principal of the loan and thisamount (principal and interest) will be the amount on which interest will be calculated at the end of the second period.

Compounding Periods / Year (htm)
Enter the number of compounding periods per year.


Compounding Periods per Year
Enter the number of compounding periods per year.

condominium
A real estate A form of ownership of real property project in which each unit owner has titleto a unit in a building, an undivided interest in the common areas of the project, andsometimes the exclusive use of certain limited common areas. A condominium generallydefines each unit as a separately owned space to the interior surfaces of the perimeter walls, floors, and ceilings.

Confirm Request for Exit (htm)
Select to display a confirmation message when you click Exit. Deselect
to Exit without displaying a confirmation message.


conforming loan
A mortgage loan for $240,000 or lower.

constant payment to principal (plus interest) loan
A loan where the borrower pays a fixed principal amount each period plus the interest accrued for the period. For example $1,000. 00 plus interest per month.

construction loan
An interim loan secured by real estate to fund the cost of construction. Draws are made on the construction account as work progresses.

Construction No (htm)
No
construction terms.


construction only loan
At the end of the construction period the loan is paid in full. A new permanent loan may be originated to repay the loan.


More glossary items are available....
Please use the index or Click here to view the next set of items.

 

^Top